Chess culture is a living fossil that witnesses the evolution of human history and civilization. It integrates the cultural characteristics of different ethnic groups with the tolerance of the sea and rivers. It shows strong self-improvement and vigorous vitality in the process of social development, forming a wide range of social influences.
According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 200 different types of chess that are popular all over the world. Among the chess games with different rules, Chinese chess and international chess are unique in terms of cultural communication and social influence. There are more than one billion fans. The most played chess game in the world. Colorful chess cultural exchanges and competitions spread all over the world and become a part of human social life.
Chess activities originated from the production practice of ancient working people. After development and evolution, they were gradually integrated into social life. The rules of the game of chess reflected the trajectory of the historical development of the nation and became a symbol reflecting the style of the society. Playing chess is an intellectual contest between players and a competition of winners and losers, and it also reflects the civilized game between parties with different interests and needs under the consensus rules.
Chess culture has a subtle influence on social development and cultural values. The chess game may have a butterfly effect, and the energy generated by a square-inch chessboard should not be underestimated. Chinese chess and international chess have nothing to do with each other on the outside, and the cultural concepts infiltrated in the rules of chess look very different. However, the chess moves, chess rules and fighting principles of the two types of chess are very consistent, and the logical way of thinking in chess is also similar.People have to sincerely sigh at the wonderful history and civilization of human beings. It can be said that one culture creates one society, and one soil and water nurtures one person.
Judging from the setting of the chessboard, Chinese and Western cultures have different understandings of the battlefield. The chessboard of Chinese chess is composed of nine vertical lines and ten horizontal lines. But the Chu River and Han world are only a formal existence, and no chess pieces can be placed. Interestingly, if the Chuhe-Hanjie is removed from the Chinese chess chessboard, the chessboard becomes an 8×8 square, which turns into the same shape as a Chess chessboard.
Judging from the position coordinates and movement trajectories of chess pieces, Chinese and Western cultures have different cognition concepts on the combat effectiveness of troops. Chinese chess pieces move at the intersection of coordinates, which invisibly strengthens the connection with the surrounding lines. The position of the chess pieces is in the grid formed by the intersection of the chessboard lines, and each piece has the feeling of being on the ground. The Chinese chess board has obvious regional divisions due to the borders of the Chu River and the Han Dynasty. The international chess board is completely face-to-face. The black and white chessboard can be a battlefield everywhere, and a fortress can be built everywhere.
From the analysis of the types of chess pieces, we can better see the social and cultural characters behind different chess types. The generals, elephants, and Mandarins of Chinese chess pieces cannot go to the opponent’s main battlefield and have no ability to directly attack. In contrast, the chess pieces in chess are set. The six arms of king, queen, rook, horse, elephant, and pawn have no taboos in the action space of each piece. They can be 100% engaged in battle, maximize the effectiveness of the combination.
From this, we can also see the differences in social systems, value propositions and management models in different countries in ancient times. Chinese chess embodies the military strategy and command art of “developing strategies and winning thousands of miles”, while chess advocates task priority and individual heroism.