Xiangqi is the quintessence of the nation and the crystallization of the wisdom of the Chinese nation. Historically, xiangqi originated in the Warring States Period, was finalized in the Song Dynasty, and developed in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, over a period of more than 2,000 years.
Ancient Theory of War refers to the methods and strategies of using troops to fight. The art of war is a treasure trove of ingenuity, xiangqi deduces the art of war, and practice is ingenuity.
In the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period and even in China during the Qin and Han Dynasties, the country was chaotic and chaotic, and xiangqi came into being in this context. There are many obvious similarities between military warfare and sports competition. For example, winning is the ultimate goal, and the confrontation process is all expressed through techniques and tactics, which include both strategic themes and tactical means. As an intellectual game that simulates ancient wars, xiangqi is played on the chessboard in every game. The rooks, horses, cannon and soldiers on the chessboard are the symbols of ancient rooks, war horses, artillery (or catapults) and soldiers. Compared with other sports, xiangqi has the most direct internal connection with ancient military, and its strategic thinking and tactical characteristics are influenced by ancient military thinking.
With the changes of the times, xiangqi has become more and more perfect, and at the same time, it is also inseparable from the purpose of military warfare and the art of war. In the ancient book of layouts, such as “The Deep Ocean”, “Plum Blossoms”, “The Secret of Orange”, “Sentimental and Elegant”, etc., many layouts are based on the art of war, thirty-six strategies, and the Three Kingdoms to interpret allusions and wars Names. they are not only well-conceived, but also very consistent with the names of historical allusions named.
The Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC) was the first period of great chaos in Chinese history, and the Art of War came into being. Sun Tzu’s Art of War, written by Sun Wu, a general of the State of Wu in the late Spring and Autumn Period, is the earliest and most outstanding military work in China, and it is also recognized as the “Sacred Book of Military Studies” and “Master of Hundred Generations of Soldiers”. Under the influence of “Sun Tzu’s Art of War”, strategists and scholars of all dynasties have attached great importance to the study of the art of war. It should be said that the study of the art of war in later generations inherited and developed the ideas of “The Art of War”, making the ideological and theoretical system of the art of war more perfect. Thus it has become a treasure trove of ancient ingenuity.
The strategies in Sun Tzu’s Art of War are also widely used in xiangqi. For example, when the opponent’s situation is superior, you should strengthen your own defense, and when the opponent has slack defenses and loopholes, you should step up the attack.
In the Chinese xiangqi battle, in the layout stage, the rook should be dispatched quickly, standing in a good position to deter the enemy, so as to quickly attack and occupy the rib or estuary. In xiangqi , horses are quite limited and often fall into the dead. Therefore, in the beginning, let the horses hire galloping left and right, enter the scattered field, take full advantage of the strengths of all sides, and build advantages little by little. Although the cannon is a long weapon, it can advance in depth, but if there is no cannon stand, it will lose its power. Therefore, the cannon needs to occupy a key position to give full play to the advantages of defense and attack, and seize the opportunity to make a sudden attack and be caught off guard. Soldiers are going to charge, and they can attack the enemy after crossing the Chu River and the Han border, and the soldiers can cross the river top cart. The elephant should provide support for the front, the two elephants should pay attention to the division of labor and cooperation, and they should also do a good job in defense. The two Mandarins moved left and right, and they needed to protect the general. General cannot easily move and place themselves on dangerous ground, but they can defeat their opponents in person when necessary.
“Sun Tzu’s Art of War” also emphasizes the importance of location. It divides the battlefield into nine types: Qudi, scattered land, heavy land, and dead place. Among them, Qudi is regarded as a key place. Xiangqi also focuses on the competition for terrain, pays attention to the opening of the hadron first, and quickly occupies the favorable terrain. The corners of xiangqi are the river cruise lines and the left and right ribs.
The ancient famous military book “Sima Law” said, “Offensive and defensive, advance and retreat, stop before and after, chariots are due to, it is called war participation.” Interdependence, cross-screening, and so on, it is very similar to tactics and kills in xiangqi.
Xiangqi is the interpretation of the art of war, and strategy is the soul of the art of war. In actual combat, the game is fickle, and the outcome is impermanent, but there are rules to follow. “To fight against the enemy, take the plan as the first”, is the soul of the art of war, and also the essence and essence of game.
If you want to good at war ,you must know the strategy, know the arrangement, be able to judge the situation, and be able to find opportunities.The improvement of xiangqi skills is, in essence, a matter of improving wisdom and strategy.
In short, the xiangqi theory of xiangqi is closely related to war tactics, or chess is the reproduction of the application of ancient battlefield tactics. Between square inches, swords, lights, swords, shadows, thrilling, the two sides battle wits and courage, making people forget to sleep and eat, which is also the charm of xiangqi .